The Short Line Safety Institute (SLSI), Washington, D.C., completed the pilot phase of its work to assess and address safety culture gaps in the short line and regional rail industry.
The pilot phase conducted six assessments concerning safety culture and provided ongoing work to education, training and research services for short line and regional railroads.
“The SLSI has completed a significant milestone,” says Ron Hynes, executive director. “We now have a tried and tested, comprehensive program for evaluating and offering guidance to short lines on safety culture on their railroads. Results generated from the pilot program provided a road map for progress, and our team now has a solid understanding of the path forward.”
During the pilot phase, SLSI developed tools and processes for measuring and evaluating 10 core elements of safety culture on railroads, created and implemented processes for sharing those results with management of assessed railroads, created a training program for and on-boarded seven assessors, completed six assessments on industry representative railroads and developed a plan for training, research and education moving forward.
The assessments yielded several concerns, including:
· While “safety first” may be stated as the mission at some railroads, emphasis can be weaker at the day-to-day operations level. Management must be visibly and consistently supportive of safety practices and culture for a greater result.
· Safety practices do not always match documented safety plans. Managers should start with the operations’ realities, and write a safety plan that is reflective of, and can be implemented by, employees in every day operations.
Some positive themes evident in the assessments completed include:
· Management is looking for fresh ideas and training to assist in getting all employees in the organization performing at a high level of safety.
· Management models the company commitment to safety on a daily basis.
· Positive, not punitive, recognition builds trust among employees and management vs the punitive approach of “catching someone doing bad,” which has been common practice in the past.
· Most railroad employees report that their peers look out for them. Because of that support, they feel safe coming to work.
“Railroads have welcomed us to their properties, and found the process to be beneficial and well worth the staff time spent on the project,” says Mike Long, senior safety and operations manager. “We look forward to serving the entire short line community in elevating and improving safety culture across our industry.”
Seven assessments have been conducted since the pilot ended, and five more are currently scheduled to be completed by year end. Several more railroads, including some larger short line railroads, are planning for an assessment this year.
“We have been picking up two assessments each month, with assessments currently being scheduled into 2017,” says Hynes.
SLSI was developed by the American Short Line and Regional Railroad Association (ASLRRA) with participation by the Federal Railroad Administration’s Office of Research and Development. Program evaluation support has been provided by the Volpe Transportation Center. Congress provided $500,000 to develop the pilot program on safety culture in 2015, followed by an additional $2 million in 2016 to continue the work of the institute.