Study: Asia Pacific manufacturers champion digital transformation
While Industry 4.0 is transforming manufacturing rapidly, only a small group of companies are in a position to gain real competitive advantages from this revolution.
Asia Pacific manufacturing companies are championing the digitization and end-to-end integration of their operations, introducing digital products and services and connecting new technologies across their organizations at a much faster rate than their peers in the Americas and EMEA, according to a study released by PwC, Los Angeles. As a result, this gap will continue to widen, as 32% of Asian companies plan to have established mature digital ecosystems in the next five years, compared to 24% in the Americas and 15% in EMEA.
Strategy&, PwC’s global strategy consulting firm based in New York, surveyed 1,155 executives at global manufacturing companies in 26 countries about their views on Industry 4.0 and digital operations. Based on the outcomes, PwC developed a digital maturity index to explore the role of frontrunners – the so-called “Digital Champions” – and what distinguishes them to outpace their competitors.
Key findings of the report, “Digital Champions: How industry leaders build integrated operations ecosystems to deliver end-to-end customer solutions,” include:
- 10% of global manufacturing companies are Digital Champions, while almost two-thirds have barely or not yet begun the digital journey.
- Asia Pacific is leading the way to digitization, where 19% of manufacturers have achieved Digital Champion status, compared to 11% in the Americas and 5% of companies in EMEA.
- Automotive (20%) and electronics (14%) have the largest share of Digital Champions. Consumer goods (6%), industrial manufacturing (6%) and process industries (6%) are lagging significantly behind.
- Global manufacturing companies are applying new technologies to their operations at a large scale, but artificial intelligence is just kicking off.
- Two-thirds of all companies don’t have a clear digital vision and strategy to support digital transformation and culture.
While Industry 4.0 is transforming manufacturing rapidly, only a small group of companies are in a position to gain real competitive advantages from this revolution. In PwC’s Strategy& Global Digital Operations Study 2018, only 10% of global manufacturing companies are dubbed as Digital Champions. These companies view digitization in ways that are far-reaching and aggressively innovative, well beyond mere automation and networking.
In the report, 19% of the manufacturers from Asia achieved the Digital Champion status, compared to 11% in the Americas and 5% of companies in EMEA. It seems like the region’s young and tech-savvy corporate managers who are embracing digital technologies, as well as soaring compensation and production costs, have pushed manufacturing companies in Asia Pacific to digitize their key operations processes at a much faster rate than elsewhere in the world.
EMEA clearly lagging behind on path toward digitization
Digitization will lead to an increase in production in mature markets, as it reduces operations costs and enables companies to rely less on labor arbitrage. However, companies in the EMEA region mostly don’t get beyond a medium level of supply chain integration and are often lacking high automation and connectivity in their manufacturing operations. Compared to their Asia Pacific counterparts, EMEA companies are also more likely to fail to connect their strategic, operational, technological and people-related capabilities, and less often incorporate partners in their business models to create customer value.
EMEA companies only expect their investments in new technologies and digital ecosystems to result in 12.7% growth in digital revenue over the next five years, compared to 16.6% growth among Asian companies.
“Asian companies are far outmaneuvering their Western counterparts because they have the advantage of setting up robust digital operations from essentially a blank slate in terms of factory automation, workforce and even organization information technology networks,” says Dr. Reinhard Geissbauer, partner at PwC's Strategy&, Germany. “Therefore, they don’t have numerous complex legacy systems and facilities to upgrade, integrate or discard. In addition, Asian companies appear to be keener to try new business models and develop innovative products and services.”
Most Digital Champions are in automotive and electronics
Two-thirds of global manufacturing companies have barely or not yet begun the digitization of their operations, especially in process industries, consumer goods and industrial manufacturing. Industrial equipment companies are already more advanced, but automotive (20% Digital Champions) and electronics (14%) are clearly the most digitally mature.
“One of the reasons why automotive and electronics companies are surpassing other industry competitors is because of their high level of supply chain integration and well integrated end-to-end planning,” adds Stefan Schrauf, partner at PwC Strategy&, Germany. “The auto industry’s decades-old push to gain efficiencies, accelerate output, reduce waste and recoup working capital through lean techniques means it’s always looking for better ways and new technologies that can fine-tune their already well-established supply chains. Electronics companies generally have long-standing close relationships with suppliers and make frequent use of outsourced contract manufacturers to meet high demand variation and short lifecycles.”
Higher cost savings by connecting essential technologies
New technologies are implemented across the board, but only Digital Champions are able to leverage these technologies to truly connect and collaborate along the end-to-end value chain. They take a holistic approach, connecting essential technologies across the organization and with strategic partners instead of isolated implementations. As a result, they expect to achieve high-cost savings and efficiency gains from technology implementations—16% anticipated cost savings in the next five years vs. 10% for Digital Novices (the least digitally mature companies in the report).
At least 90% of Digital Champions have already implemented, piloted or planned some of the most current technologies, like IoT (97%) and advanced robotics (90%). Starkly different, only about one-third of Digital Novices have adopted the most common operational technologies, like predictive maintenance (39%) and integrated supply chain planning (32%).
One-third of Digital Champions have adopted artificial intelligence (AI) across major functions, primarily for automating manual and cognitive tasks. However, 98% of Digital Novices have no AI activities at all.
Overall, the study finds that AI is still at the beginning of its development. Most companies appreciate AI’s significant potential, but core use cases are just emerging. Even among Digital Champions, 52% say they lack people skills to broadly implement AI systems and many are hesitant about full-scale AI because they are uncertain about the maturity of the data produced by the AI systems themselves. Asian companies are also at the forefront with AI, with 15% implementing significant AI solutions, while EMEA is lagging behind (5%).
People are at the center of digital transformation
Two-thirds of the survey respondents said they don’t have a clear digital vision and strategy to support digital transformation and culture, and only 27% believe their employees have the required qualifications to master the digital future. On the other hand, more than 70% of the Digital Champions say their leaders express a clear vision for the future and serve as role models for digital change in their organizations. Consequently, Digital Champions invest heavily in people development and training and cultivate multi-disciplinary teams to foster innovation across functional boundaries.
“Ultimately, people enable and support the efforts of a company’s strategic direction, solutions, performance and operations, thus influencing its evolution,” says Geissbauer. “To make this transformation, Digital Champions assess the status quo of their workforce advance the best and brightest and most digitally-oriented existing talent while training others to also achieve this category, and inject new talent into the organization where gaps in people’s skill sets and capabilities are revealed.”